Saturday, August 22, 2020

Tips to Help You Study For the University of Michigan Essay Sample

Tips to Help You Study For the University of Michigan Essay SampleStudying for the University of Michigan essay sample is a lot like other forms of academic writing, but there are some key differences. Some people may think they're doing fine when it comes to writing essays, but if you really want to make a good impression and get accepted into that school's college, this will be the one to start with. Studying for the essay sample could also lead to getting accepted into their school as well.First things first: always be honest when answering the question, 'What kind of essays do you generally write?' This is because all essay samples are different, but every one is tailored to fit each student's personality. Your own personal essay could be very different from theirs and you should be prepared for this and know how to handle it.Keep in mind that it's important to understand the University of Michigan essay samples are tailored to fit each student's personality. If you want to be ac cepted into this university and are expecting some help with this part of your application, look to the students who have already been accepted as having some skills in writing. Even if it was difficult for them to write their own application essays, it may be very helpful to you. They may also offer suggestions and tips on how to make your own essays more effective.Studying for the essay samples may help you overcome any writing challenges you may have. You can choose from an assortment of easy styles that may help you in preparing for your final essay. Also, each student has unique styles so you can also see how certain essay examples would work for you.The basic writing style of the essay samples might not suit your style, but many students find they enjoy working through the sample essays. Doing this will help you feel more confident in the writing you will be doing. You can also consider choosing a type of essay that will provide you with an original way to answer the questions at the end of the essay, and this will be a little more challenging.The tips and tricks that can be found in the essay samples you are studying are helpful to understand and use to get through the coursework and also write a great, professional essay. Make sure that when you choose which types of essay samples you are using that you are choosing samples that you can use and will fit your personality. This is because the type of essay samples offered by the University of Michigan are designed to fit each student's individual needs and styles.You can learn tips and techniques for how to write your college admission essays, and these include practice essays. While there are many different ways to practice your style and skills, if you are studying for the University of Michigan essay samples you may need to find different techniques to work with to get through the course. There are also several worksheets included in the University of Michigan application material that can help you pr actice your essay.The guide that you are looking for is all about essay samples, and this is the part of the application where you will receive all of your information on where to apply and which schools you should be focusing on first. These may come directly from the University of Michigan and could help you in making a final decision as to which school you wish to attend. Finding these forms and guides online or at the library could help you in selecting the school you most want to attend.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Social Problem Essay Example Essay Example

Social Problem Essay Example Paper Social Problem Essay Introduction These days , social issues are intense and we should give more consideration to these issues. As a piece of the network , we ought to be worried about social issues. Consistently we read the paper and get the report from media, pretty much consistently the paper and the media reports are about the social issues. A wide range of social issues will show up in our encompassing , however we can't choose not to see and a hard of hearing ear. We have to discover approaches to take care of these social issues so the general public won't be mess request. Social issues are some condition , set of occasions or gathering of people comprises a problematic circumstance that should be changed or improved. Social issues resemble time bomb , when it detonate, it will be wild. Social issues let us live in a forced circumstance. Today’s society there are an excessive number of instances of social issues, I took a couple of increasingly famous guides to clarify in detail. Clarify the social issu es at long last how it influences the development of our nation and the methods for forestall to lessen the social issue. Presently, we investigate what social issues are the most famous . Social Problem Essay Body Paragraphs Initially ,the most well-known and the most genuine social issues throughout our life are criminals. Talking about hoodlums, will make individuals tremble with dread. Criminals are not restricted to age, past might be more seasoned foundation hoodlums, presently both essential and optional schools additionally have a gathering of understudies make an own hoodlum inside the school. They will expect understudies to pay an assurance expense , if understudies don't, they will utilize intends to drive understudies pay insurance cash . Criminals may terrorizing , badgering and discover somebody to hit the understudy until the understudy ready to pay cash. For whatever length of time that somebody outraged hoodlum chief or sibling, the man must not find a sense of contentment. Hoodlums will send somebody to give notice and told the man who is the more grounded one. Criminals likewise smoking , battling , raise hell and incite others all over. In short , they do any awful thing, additionally menace the frail . New packs likewise never lost on the old posse . Next, the groups will make the development of our nation have a negative effect . These will be brought to the network a great deal of superfluous difficulty and dread. With the goal that the nation would be in a truly unsteady state. Individuals in different nations will be disappointedin our nation, they are hesitant to exchange our nation and the monetary will downturn . Just with the goal that our nation is extraordinarily misfortunes and enough to influence the advancement of the nation . Besides , there are a few different ways to forestall the foundation of packs . The initial step is at whatever point you see somebody association groups promptly caution . Second is advisors to guide these children . Likewise let the guardians give more consideration to children’s conduct and patterns ,and more worry for youngsters . The subsequent issue is roads turned parking lots , in our nation consistently happen the traffic issues particularly during the pinnacle time are frequently congested driving conditions . I frequently believe that our nation truly is such a significant number of vehicles? Our nation has numerous open vehicle can ride like transport and LRT . At long last is excessively rich or individuals would prefer not to take the open vehicle with others or they don't need get up ahead of schedule to get the transport and LRT . As I would see it , a large portion of the vehicles are driving one in the working hours . What's more, a family is more than possessing a vehicle . When there is the celebration season , have long lines of vehicles out and about . Individuals are required to go through a large portion of a day in the vehicle ,it’s actually a migraine . Aside from that ,this issue makes our country’s poor notoriety with regards to the transportation. Outsiders assessment of our traffic is low. Influence the positioning of our nation is truly falling behind . This is sufficient to influence our notoriety seriously harmed . Following that ,have a difficult we need to go to fathom . The arrangement of a road turned parking lot is government can significantly advance the open vehicle and clarify the benefit of utilizing open vehicle . On the off chance that simply your partners or companions to a similar spot , that basically driving a vehicle is sufficient or everybody turns driving their own vehicle with an associate or companion . For whatever length of time that individuals are happy to consent , then the issue can be explained . The third issue that I believe should be given more consideration to is unlawful foreigner. Illicit settlers blended the name recommends is that there is no endorsed . Unlawful settlers once they are gotten will endure serious discipline or be compelled to exit or leave to nation they are in. In the event that the unlawful foreigners believe that the nation isn't appropriately dealt with, these migration will have the option to sneak into our nation with no dread of being gotten or rebuffed . Our nation has an immense and significant piece of obligation and furthermore need to guarantee that there are no issues in the nation because of these workers. Illicit settlers apparently harmless, however in certainty , it hurt not to be looked downward on little . Their appearance with the goal that individuals lessen employments , in light of the fact that their low pay rates , better proficiency and the significant one, they are dedicated than individuals in our nation . The other is that they cause a great deal of misery and they will loot and inconvenience . Numerous social disarray is fabricated or are cased for the most part by them . We ought to quickly think about an approach to tackle this issue with the goal that we are getting the security and peacefulness. The checkpoint staff should carefully manage movement checkpointsand not to let them wade through . Individuals are urgerto give extremely close consideration to dubious individual around and whenever discovered, it must be quickly notifiedto the police . Police and individuals ‘s collaboration are basic and imperative to get serious about unlawful outsiders. The fourth social issue is separate from which occurs in each spot far and wide. There will be a separation as long as there are men , ladies , and wedded . I truly can't make sense of why individuals need a separation and had decided to wed . Despite the fact that separation is exceptionally simple , however the marriage isn't child’ s play . Since the first idea of marriage , think about the outcomes of separation , don't motivation terrible all through life . The high separation rate is definitely not something beneficial for a nation . On the off chance that the separation rate is higher , in the interest of the individuals doesn't focus on the perspectives on marriage . Marriage is a consecrated thing , numerous individuals have selecte d early marriage . Consequently and cause the separation rate to improve . This nation has given the feeling that marriage is a disappointment , this indeed sabotages the notoriety of the nation . What technique can lessen the separation rate? It is dependent upon individuals to their own thoughts . Government ought to be approached the individuals to not be too soon marriage , early marriage has a great deal of potential issues . Presently , society troublesome and having a family isn't a simple errand . Marriage brought forth the kid , if separate from the kid doesn't have an ideal family condition to develop and will leave to youth shadow . Eventually enduring lone kid . So , consider it before marriage . The fifth is natural contamination issues , this is additionally the network most concern . Natural contamination refersto human released to the earth than its self-decontamination limit of substances or vitality , with the goal that the nature of the earth to decrease the wonde rs of an antagonistic effect on the endurance and improvement of mankind , biological systems , and property . The most widely recognized are water contamination , air contamination , and commotion contamination . Water contamination will damage to human passing and straightforwardly influence the water nature of the drinking water source at that point produce numerous sicknesses . Besides , it will oblige financial improvement on the grounds that the mechanical utilization of water as a crude material or washing items and legitimately partake in the preparing of items. Decay of the water quality will straightforwardly influence the nature of item. Water contamination for human wellbeing , farming , fisheries and other sideline have to a great extent influenced the advancement of the economy! Air contamination will influence the body wellbeing and furthermore the effect of climate and atmosphere . Individuals accept that environmental change may cause an assortment of air toxins , c arbon dioxide has a noteworthy job in . The substance of carbon dioxide in the environment as indicated by the present pace of increment proceeds , following various years will make the north and south parts of the bargains softening , prompting worldwide atmosphere inconsistencies . Clamor contamination will harm to the becoming aware of the human body . The more terrible case can cause deafness. Commotion can prompt an assortment of infections . The effect of clamor on rest extraordinary , individuals even in rest , hearing , need to manage the commotion improvement . It will occupy individuals ’ s consideration , prompting lethargic , exhaustion , diminished work effectiveness and mistake rate rise . In this way, we should not belittle the significance of these three contamination harmed. It must figure out how to forestall . Counteraction and treatment strategies for all contamination is seriously rebuffed or offer admonition to them . Clamor anticipation measures is to l imit the sound decibel worth or utilize sound †engrossing , sound protection , commotion boundary confinement and different measures . For air contamination is lessening emanations of toxins and afforestation . There is additionally a most significant is to begin with ourselves . Try not to toss squander , the ideal city is everybody ’s obligation . In conclusion , the method for forestalling water contamination is before we drink the water , we bubbled or channel it . We likewise can effectively advance â€Å"clean production† . Clean creation to change the current unreasonable methodsof crude material and vitality utilization , to energize supportable creation utilizing non-harmful items . Obviously , our administration should control our condition . Can't simply verbally consented to without activity on the grounds that securing the earth is everybody â

Saturday, May 30, 2020


Most of the scholars agree that the field of management must be viewed in a broad perspective because of the environmental influence on management practices. The cross-cultural study of management involves the study of management cultural variables, which tend to have an impact on management practices in different cultures. Managing and organizing are culturally dependent because they do not consist of making or moving tangible objectives, but of manipulating symbols which have meaning to the people who are managed (Clark, 1998). Studies in the area of corporate culture seem to indicate that the success of many organizations is related to having a strong culture within the organization. Such a culture provides a foundation for the policies and practices of that particular organization. William Ouchi identifies the following as the features of Z type (a hybrid between American and Japanese type of organizations) of organizations: A place for criticism and honesty Trust, friendship and working together Teamwork Management by walking around Valuing people as resources (Ouchi, 1982). McKinsey presented a framework based on the idea that any management strategy, in order to be successfully implemented, must fit the culture of the organization. The seven variables listed in the framework are: Strategy Structure Systems Style Staff Shared values Skills (Waterman, 1982). The 7-s framework views corporate culture as a function of Seven Variables. If a Strategy of an orga nization fails or run into a problem, it is because the strategy doesnt fit one or more of the seven variables. All the above-mentioned variables are interrelated to each other. While the staff variable refers to people in the organization, skills refer to their capabilities. The style variable is the way management acts and behaves. Shared values are the beliefs commonly shared by many people in the organization. While the structure provides authority-responsibility relationship, systems indicate the processes, procedures, and flows involved in getting things done. The strategy relates to the way to shape the corporate culture. A better understanding of the mechanics and dynamics of an organization can be achieved through the culture that prevails in an organization. The term culture has been borrowed from anthropology where there is no consensus on its meaning. Just as societies have their own culture, corporations as entities also have their own culture. Culture is the collect ion of common views, expectations and beliefs of the members of the organizations. The values, beliefs and norms usually involve the following aspects: The basic goals of organization The preferred means by which those goals should be attained The role responsibilities assigned to each member in the organization The behavior patterns required to perform roles A set of rules or principles which relates to the preserving of organizational identity as well as integrity These values and norms which constitute corporate culture are not in writing but are understood by all the members of the organization. Even the newcomers to the organization get to know them either through formal training programs and orientations or from their peers. When members of an organization share the same values, they will become more cohesive and committed to their goals. Such commitment is essential for better performance and productivity improvement. Although it is not visible, corporate cu lture still exists and influences people and activities in organizations. Deal and Kennedy, in addition to values and norms, include heroes, rites and rituals as part of corporate culture (Deal and Kennedy, 1982). The rites, rituals and heroes are some ways of reinforcing desired behaviors and expectations among the members of an organization. Donnelly goes one step further by including ethics, life styles and to a great extent the personality of the chief executive as the elements which foster corporate culture (Donnelly, 1984). The Corporate culture can be summed up as a way of doing things in an organization, which is developed and fostered over a period of time through various socialization processes, some of which are formal processes while others are informal. Changing Corporate Culture Even in the most stable environments, change is a constant, no matter how slight. Change is any alteration of the organizations current situation. Creativity, the process by which n ovel ideas are generated or innovation, the transformation of creative ideas are all different forms of change. In this report, we will discuss change from the perspective of corporate culture One of the major questions raised in the area of corporate culture is: Is it possible to change corporate culture in an organization? People have conflicting views about it. Some contend that the culture in an organization is strongly imbedded and therefore it may be impossible to change. At the most, only a few modifications can be made as long as they dont affect the core of the existing culture. They may illustrate their point by citing some cases where the new Chief Executive failed to change the culture when he and his teammates took over the corporation and wanted to revamp it. On the other hand, there are those who believe that culture within a corporation can be changed. The organizations, which made a turnaround in their business, are cited as examples. For instance, an American electronics company was loosing money. The Japanese took over, introduced new values and new ways of doing things and the company made a turnaround in three years. According to Schwartz and Davis (1981) the successful implementation of major strategic shifts in any company depends to a great extent on how the organization combines its culture with changes in organizational structure, its systems and people to produce desired behavior. Changing corporate culture is a serious issue. A great deal of care and a well thought out plan must be utilized in this process. Ill founded assumptions, carelessness, and taking things for granted in changing corporate culture may have disastrous consequences on the organization, ranging from subtle protests to open revolt. Through such cultural changes, organizations lose their best people to competitors, productivity declines, and a poor image will be created for the organization. Thus, the whole survival of the organization maybe threatened by rushing to change corporate culture. Short and Ferratt (1984) suggest that in changing corporate culture, the focus should be on work units. Instead of trying to change values and beliefs first with the assumptions that work unit behaviors would follow, work unit, culture must be changed first. The behaviors, which establish and maintain the culture of work units, are: job enrichment, employee involvement, targeting behavior, reinforcing behavior, attending to production and attending to interpersonal relations. Managing Corporate Culture is not simple. It requires constant assessments and monitoring by examining the external and internal environment. Such examination would reveal the nature of changes that are anticipated or are taking place in these environments. These changes may force the organization to adapt or modify their corporate culture according to the demands of the environment. A relaxed attitude on the part of the managers who believe they have a strong culture built over the years to enable them to cope with any kind of situation is risky. Uttal asserts that a static culture means a continuation of old, inefficient ways (Uttal, 1982). Multicultural Organizations Every company has its own individuality in the market; this individuality or the isolated quality can be taken as its competitive advantage. Competitive advantage of the company is something on what company is far ahead from it competitors. The company, having a diverse workforce, is bound to have its impact on the effectiveness of the organization as well as on the career growth of an individual. One of the most important advantages of having a multicultural or diverse workforce is to attract the best available talent towards the organization. Such organization, which does not show any prejudice in recruiting, retaining and promoting the employees from diverse cultural and racial backgrounds easily gain competitive advantage and become able to sustain highest caliber of human resources (Adler, 1991). Different studies have proved that organizations having diverse workforce and multicultural environment usually display better problem solving ability (Adler, 1991). Due to their multicultural workforce such organizations are more capable to understand the problem with different perspectives, meanings and interpretations and hence have more capability to solve problems. Organizations need continuity, which can be achieved only through some change of adaptability and self-renewal. Multicultural organizations are designed specifically to find, accept, and use new ideas and so they are more able to adapt change and show more organizational flexibility. Different studies depicted that women possess higher tolerance for ambiguity than men (Rotter OConnell, 1982), similarly bilingual people possess more cognitive flexibility than monolingual (Lambert, 1977). Thus diverse workforce is an asset for the organizations while adapting change. It can eas ily be summed up that having a diverse workforce and its proper management provides a number of advantages to the organizations. Manage diversity well are more likely to gain competitive advantages, attain increased productivity from available human resources, and reduce the inter-group conflict cost (Triandis, Kurowski, and Gelfand, 1994, p. 775). But at the same time, too much diversity in the workforce may also cause ambiguity and confusion. Multicultural organizations sometimes find it difficult to reach to a single, unanimous decision because of the diversity in its workforce (Gannon, 2004). Due to the presence of people from different cultural backgrounds, there is a chance of cultural clashes between the people of different cultures. There is also a chance that majority group members may create obstacles for minority group member to take full participation. If such clashes cannot be handled and managed by the leaders then the organization may suffer ineffectiveness, les s productivity and absenteeism of the employees (Adler, 1991). If there is communication gap between a culturally diverse team then there is a chance that a homogenous group may outperform this culturally diverse group. Multicultural organizations require extensive trainings to overcome the communication barrier otherwise it will not perform up to their potential (House and Javidan, 2004). Managing Corporate Culture in Multicultural Organizations Globalization is the process of expanding global preferences in cultural, environmental, political, social and economical issues. The key economic characteristic of globalization is the free movement of goods throughout the world (Schaeffer, 2003). Diversity and Globalization in the new economy and the present business situation has produced a work force made up of people all around the world. They have different life experiences, perspectives, preferences, values and style. This diversity of work force is reshaping and rewriting the way of doing business (Dorfman, Hanges and Brodbeck, 2004). According to the Statistics the people filling jobs in the 2000s had a different racial and gender makeup than past employees. Native white males made up 47% of employees in 1989 but will constitute only 15% of new entrants. In the year 2000 Hispanic accounted for almost 28 percent of labor force growth and blacks about 17 percent. White women provided about 42 percent of labor force growth . Statistics have further depicted that by the year 2012 almost one-fifth of the total US workforce will be of 55 years or older (US Bureau of Labor Statistics, 1998). Hamilton has said that, The great challenge facing the nation is to prepare a changing population to do new kinds of work. Failure imperils economic health, social progress, and democracy itself. (Hamilton, 1990; p.1). This trend of workforce diversity compelled leaders of multi-cultural organizations to adapt the changes with special recruiting programs targeted towards these groups and organizational changes to accommodate their needs. Day-care centers, special benefit packages and language training have all become the part of the inducements to employees (Grisham and Walker, 2005). In the present decade, the environment for organizations has changed radically (Olsen JinLin, 1997). In the past, leaders usually emphasized on the internal affairs of the management but the changing environment requires them to e mphasize more on externally oriented affairs. Many scholars are of the opinion that diversity in organizations is a source of strength if used properly otherwise it creates ethnic and cultural differences, conflicts etc. (Christensen Hughes, 1992). A study was conducted on transformational leadership in organizations, which depicted that leaders in organizations, who have a clear objective, strong sense of values and cultural differences and shown deep inclination towards high standards of ethics, are considered as models for others to follow (Tracy Hinkin, 1994). The following are some of the important points; an organizational leader has to consider while working in present global environment: Changing Occupational Profile: at present organizations try to provide more services to customers for the guaranteed customers satisfaction. This requires more knowledgeable and social employees. Major organizations also introduce some new posts like quality manager, yield manager , computer and technical service manager, management accounting expert and budget analyst to provide the wide range of services to the customers (Turner and Mueller, 2005) Developing Language Skills: in order to provide best services to culturally diverse clientele, major organizations provide different languages and culture training to their staff Increased staff responsibility and job satisfaction: it is hard to get and retain a good and trained employee in present business scenario. Many organizations impose more responsibilities to their good employees in order to enhance their job satisfaction Proper Motivation: In order to retain good employees it is necessary to motivate them. Motivation is either Financial or non-financial Financial: wages, salaries, fringe benefits etc. are financial incentives. Many believe that these incentives help to attract the more desirable and qualified type of employee, decrease turnover, and maintain morale and performance. Non-fina ncial: these are known as personal incentives because they offer an opportunity to develop personal initiative and achievement. A number of research studies have proved the impact of these incentives on performance. Opportunity for advancement, challenge, the type of work, responsibility, good supervision, good working conditions, and recreational programs are some examples of non-financial incentives. Conclusion Changing and managing corporate culture is one of the major problems of managers and executives at all levels at the present era of cultural diversity. Leadership is the capacity to guide, direct, and influence the behavior of others, imaginative, toward given ends. The trait theory holds that leadership is inherent in the psychological makeup of individuals. The situational pattern views leadership as contingent on the needs and resources of a given situation. In a synthesis of these two patterns, we concluded that both have contributed ideas of value, that neither a pproach alone is satisfactory. The supervisor is traditionally viewed as the man in the middle; but although this is often a fair portrayal of his role, in reality his beliefs are closer to those of other managers than to those of non-managerial employees. Managing and changing corporate culture in a multicultural environment is far more challenging than managing people in a uni-cultural environment. The leaders of cross cultural organizations have to use all the above-mentioned qualities as well as some extra qualities like emotional intelligence and understanding of different languages, values and cultures to manage and satisfy their followers more effectively.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Pitch Perfect Movie Review - 1967 Words

Film Review Outline Name: John Carlo V. Balmes Film Title: Pitch Perfect Adapted From: Pitch Perfect by Mickey Rapkins Release Date: September 28, 2012 Director: Jason Moore Genre(s): Musical, Comedy Setting: Barden University Lead Actor(s): Anna Kendrick, Rebel Wilson, Skylar Astin, Anna Camp Main Characters and their Attributes: * Becca Mitchell – A musically-inclined reclusive girl who wants to pursue a music career, she joins the Bellas to please her father and finds herself being caught up in their world. * Jesse Swanson – A member of the Treblemakers who has a crush on Beca. * Fat Amy - A comedic and irresponsible member of the Bellas from Tasmania. * Aubrey Posen - One of the co-leaders of the†¦show more content†¦Theme(s): The theme of that film permeates Pitch Perfect and lends a heaping amount of inspiration to the final showdown between the two groups. Plot Summary: The Barden Bellas are a collegiate, all-girls a cappella singing group thriving on female pop songs and their perfect looks. After a disastrous failing at last years finals, they are forced to regroup. Among the new recruits is freshman Beca, an independent, aspiring DJ with no interest in the college life. But after she meets Jesse, from the rival all-male a cappella group, Beca has a new outlook and takes it upon herself to help the Bellas find their new look and sound and get back into the competition. Description/Summary: Beca, a Barden freshman, has no desire to go to college, but is forced to attend by her father, a professor at the university. Wishing to instead move to Los Angeles to pursue a career in music making, she takes up an internship at the school radio station, where she meets fellow freshman Jesse who intends to start to have a not-so-secret crush on Beca. When Becas father finds out that Beca has not been attending classes, he offers to let Beca go to Los Angeles (which he will help pay for) if she joins a club and proves that she wants to be involved for the rest of the year. After some persuasion from Aubrey, the group leader, and Chloe, she joins the Bellas (an all girl acapella group), along with a group of otherShow MoreRelatedWhat Should Be Limited?1208 Words   |  5 PagesWhat Should be Limited? Olaf’s Frozen Adventure, Star Wars: The Last Jedi, Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle, Pitch Perfect 3, Fifty Shades Freed, The New Mutants, and Avengers: Infinity War. These are seven out of the seventeen movies that appear when googling â€Å"movies coming out soon.† They stretch over various genres including comedy, action, children’s movies, musicals, and drama, however there is one common thread connecting all these movies; they are all either spin offs or sequels. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Malcolm X1 Essay Example For Students

Malcolm X1 Essay The name Malcolm X still stirs emotions of fear and hatred in many Americans. When he was murdered in the Ballroom in Harlem on February 21, 1965, he was world-famous as the angriest black man in America. This is true because unlike Martin Luther King Jr. , Malcolm X advocated freedom for blacks by any means necessary. For him, even the use of violence was a viable solution to fight racial discrimination. Because of such views some people still associate Malcolm X with the Black Panther movement of the sixties which they believe was a radical and violent organization. But portraying Malcolm X simply as a violent black activist fails to represent the whole picture. It does not take into account the post-Mecca Malcolm X when he recanted his black separatism message and started to support unity among all people. When we review Malcolm Xs life from his birth to his tragic death, then we will find a courageous leader who was able to do the following: First, he was able to turn his own personal life around. From a common criminal he became a leader of his people. Second, he was able to persuade others to what he believed in. In other words, he was a man full of charisma. Third, he was able to admit his mistakes and correct them even if meant losing his status and life. He fought for what he believed in which was justice, and he was not afraid to reverse his ideas when he found them erroneous.First of all, Malcolm X was able to turn his own personal life around. He turned all his beliefs and ways of life upside down when joining the Nation of Islam. Before joining the nation of Islam, he was a hustler who tried to earn enough money for his excessive life style. He was selfish and lost all his conscience. He did not fear any other people or death and used every kind of drugs. Although he hated the whites, he felt inferior and wanted to be like them. Because of this he straightened his hair and had a white girlfriend. He lived a life of crime, forming his own house robbing gang. He was arrested for robbery in February 1946, and sentenced to prison for seven years. When he was in prison, he had a prejudice against the Christian religion that he thought was a tool of the white society to keep the Negroes down. This led him to the perception that there must be a religion for the black people. His rebellious nature was not formed without any cause. He had reasons to his rebellious nature. The rebellious nature in Malcolm X has its beginning in the violent death of his father at the hands of white bigots. Malcolm X was born on May 19, 1925, in Omaha, Nebraska to Louise and Earl Little. Earl was a Baptist minister from Reynold, Ga. and became an organizer for Marcus Garveys Universal Negro Improvement Association, which wanted all Afro-Americans to go back to the land of their ancestors, Africa. Because of the fathers advocacy for Garvey movement, Malcolms family was terrorized by the Ku Klux Klan which was an organization of white racists. In September 1931, the white racists of Lansing killed Malcolms father and laid him on a railway track, claiming he committed suicide. This was not the end of the tragedies of his life, just the beginning. In the years that followed, Malcolms mother, Louise, deteriorated emotionally and mentally and in 1939, was committed to a mental institution in Kalamanzoo, Michigan by the white authorities. Malcolm had been removed from his mother and went to school in Mason, Michigan, living with different families. Malcolm did well in Mason and graduated from junior high school at the top of his class academically and athletically, but he was discouraged from continuing academically past the eighth grade due to his race. His whole childhood was miserable. His family, his desire for education, and his hope for the future were destroyed by the whites. .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 , .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .postImageUrl , .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 , .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:hover , .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:visited , .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:active { border:0!important; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:active , .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3 .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u70090ab5ab5adc42deddafb241c3a8e3:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Physical Education In School Essay And this can do more than explain why he became a troublemaker and a hustler during his young adulthood. Despite all these disadvantages and his

Friday, April 17, 2020

Tim OBrien The True War Storyteller

In How to Tell a True War Story, author Tim O’Brien directs the reader’s attention to the idea of truth, not simply in the telling and retelling of certain events from the Vietnam War that forms the narrative of the story, but on a deeper, more fundamental level about how reality is constructed, not simply within the context of a war but in general.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Tim O’Brien: The True War Storyteller specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Tim O’Brien’s story simultaneously constructs and deconstructs itself several times over the telling; this action destabilizes the narrative, and gives the reader the sense that the narrative may give way at any time – as indeed it does. The inherent fluidity of the work – this constantly shifting form – positions the story more as an example of a deconstructed text as opposed to the traditional war nar rative, and in this act of deconstruction, we glimpse O’Brien’s larger purpose. Essentially Tim O’Brien’s How to Tell a True War Story asks about the nature of truth itself: is truth that which we experience, or that which we remember, a composite of the two, or something different altogether? The consensus of many critics who have approached this work appears to be that Tim O’Brien’s How to Tell a True War Story endeavors to make plain the distinction between â€Å"story-truth and happening-truth† – truth that is made up or fictionalized, and truth that is unequivocal, or what â€Å"really happened† (Henningfeld n.p.). Critic Rosemary King points to the fact that Tim O’Brien’s title itself has multiple purposes and implications for the readers (King 182) In the first instance, How to Tell a True War Story concerns itself with defining that which is â€Å"true†, yet Tim O’Brien applies two mea nings to the word: one â€Å"he uses alternately throughout the story to mean either factually accurate,† and the other meaning applies to that which is â€Å"higher and nobler† (King 182). Tim O’Brien’s How to Tell a True War Story follows three different narratives: the first concerns the soldier Mitchell Sanders’s recounting of the events surrounding another solider – Curt Lemon’s – death; the second story follows the narrator as he listens and comments on Sanders’s depiction of the events; and the final narrative is the author Tim O’Brien’s explanation and series of tips directed toward the reader detailing how to distinguish a true war story from a false one (O’Brien 174). In each story, each individual narrator takes pains to prove that his version of the story represents the authentic recounting of events exactly as they took place in Vietnam, and all three narrators also declare the validity of their narratives using history as proof (O’Brien 174: King 182).Advertising Looking for research paper on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In King’s opinion, the ultimate marker of a true war story is the one that â€Å"capture[s] the genuine experience of war because truth registers only through gut instinct† (King 183). Through these three narrators, King argues, Tim O’Brien presents the thesis that facts perhaps do not warrant the ultimate measure of authority simply because they happened in someone’s remembered past (King 183). Rather, of more value than the actual â€Å"historical artifact† of the events that occurred is â€Å"the significance, or truth, of the experience† (King 183). In King’s words, Tim O’Brien’s concept of truth as delineated in How to Tell a True War Story â€Å"has deep implications for story telling because he suggests that altering facts may be more significant than clinging to the story of what actually transpired† (King 183). Critic Catherine Dybiec Holm, on the other hand, believes that for Tim O’Brien â€Å"there is no stable sense of truth or reality when it comes to war† (Holm n.p.). In How to Tell a True War Story Holm sees an author who presents his readers with the truth of this statement over and over. O’Brien, in Holm’s understanding, does this both through the straightforward use of passages such as the following: When a guy dies, like Lemon, you look away and then look back for a moment and then look away again. The pictures get jumbled; you tend to miss a lot. And then afterward, when you go to tell about it, there is always that surreal seemingness, which makes the story seem untrue, but which in fact represents the hard and exact truth as it seemed. (O’Brien 176) Or, Tim O’Brien uses â€Å"indirect means,† such as employing constantly variable narration to recount an event and offering a different take and conclusion on the event with each new version (Holm n.p.). Holm also agrees that the title offers a sense of irony and layered meaning, â€Å"since he suggests that it may actually be impossible to accurately tell a true war story† (Holm n.p.). In How to Tell a True War Story Holm observes the impact of the war itself on all of the narrators as they struggle with the subject matter of their stories. In Holm’s opinion, Tim O’Brien’s goal in the story is to elucidate directly how the monstrous experience inherent to combat can and will affect the discernment of reality, â€Å"even for a narrator† (Holm n.p.). In Holm’s words: O’Brien emphasizes the nebulous nature of truth when it comes to war stories by taking one story and telling it four different ways. Additionally, he starts several of the story versions with statements that make readers question whether the narrator realizes that he has told the story before.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Tim O’Brien: The True War Storyteller specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More O’Brien’s device could lead an astute reader to wonder whether the reality of war and the retelling of this particular war story has become confusing, at least in this narrator’s head. And O’Brien’s narrator backs this up with prose that directly questions what is and is not real regarding memories of war (Holm However, as critic Diane Andrews Henningfeld aptly observes, the possibility that Tim O’Brien’s story â€Å"is demonstrating†¦the impossibility of any truth at all† represents an equally legitimate interpretation of the work (Henningfeld n.p.). The affect of war on the perception of reality and truth may certainly be one of the underlying messages of the s tory, however in Henningfeld’s opinion, How to Tell a True War Story is actually about nothing less than how people – soldiers or otherwise – construct meaning through language. â€Å"Rather than being an epistemological tool, this story serves to demonstrate how language only seems to provide knowledge, when all it really provides is more text† (Henningfeld n.p.) The reader witnesses a glimpse of this phenomenon when Tim O’Brien as the narrator warns the reader that â€Å"in many cases a true war story cannot be believed. If you believe it, be skeptical. It’s a question of credibility. Often the crazy stuff is true and the normal stuff isn’t because the normal stuff is necessary to make you believe the truly incredible craziness. In other cases you can’t even tell a true war story. Sometimes it’s just beyond telling† (O’Brien 179). In How to Tell a True War Story, Tim O’Brien seems less interested i n giving the reader a straight answer and more about posing the question in numerous ways. He also challenges the idea that a war story has to mean something, or that it has to make sense on some level. â€Å"A true war story is never moral. It does not instruct, nor encourage virtue, nor suggest models of proper human behavior, nor restrain men from doing the things they have always done. If a story seems moral, do not believe it. If at the end of a war story you feel uplifted, or if you feel that some small bit of rectitude has been salvaged from the larger waste, then you have been made the victim of a very old and terrible lie. There is no rectitude whatsoever. There is no virtue. As a first rule of thumb, therefore, you can tell a true war story by its absolute and uncompromising allegiance to obscenity and evil (O’Brien 174). The fact that story builds itself up and then tears itself apart again several times over the course of the narrative speaks to its proper unders tanding as a text of deconstruction or â€Å"metafictional story† (Henningfeld n.p.). Tim O’Brien in Henningfeld’s opinion â€Å"is a deconstructive master.Advertising Looking for research paper on american literature? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While it appears that he is saying one thing about true war stories, what he is really doing is undermining not only the entire quest for truth, but also the possibility of truth existing in any knowable form† (Henningfeld n.p.). It follows then that How to Tell a True War Story has a much broader application than as a â€Å"war story,† but rather a critique of the construction of reality through language, memory and historicity. At no point in any of the three narratives does Tim O’Brien allow the reader to â€Å"forget that the story the reader is reading is a story, not reality,† because he and the other two narrators â€Å"constantly comment on their own construction† (Henningfeld n.p.) Tim O’Brien allows each character in the story to admit that the stories they have told are fictions – some or all of the details have been â€Å"made up† (Henningfeld n.p.). An example occurs when Mitchell Sanders tells a story about his pat rol that climbs a mountain: â€Å"Last night, man, I had to make up a few things.† â€Å"I know that.† â€Å"The glee club. There wasn’t any glee club.† â€Å"Right.† â€Å"No opera.† â€Å"Forget it, I understand.† â€Å"Yeah, but listen, it’s still true. Those six guys, they heard wicked sound out there. They heard sound you just plain won’t believe.† (O’Brien 180) This admission by Sanders â€Å"calls attention to the entire story as a work of fiction† and the fact that all the narrators participate in this seemingly endless revision speaks to Tim O’Brien’s overall point – that reality is what we say it is (Henningfeld n.p.). Tim O’Brien’s How to Tell a True War Story, though it appears to be centered around the events of the Vietnam War from the perspective of the soldiers who fought there, is actually about â€Å"the quest for truth, the use of the imagination in telling the truth, and the art of storytelling in creating the truth† (Henningfeld n.p.). Works Cited Henningfeld, Diane Andrews. â€Å"Critical Essay on ‘How to Tell a True War Story’.† Short Stories for Students. Ed. Carol Ullmann. Vol. 15. Detroit: Gale, 2002. Web. Holm, Catherine Dybiec. â€Å"Critical Essay on ‘How to Tell a True War Story’.† Short Stories for Students. Ed. Carol Ullmann. Vol. 15. Detroit: Gale, 2002.Web. King, Rosemary. â€Å"O’Brien’s ‘How to Tell a True War Story’.† The Explicator 57.3 (1999): 182-184. Web. O’Brien, Tim. â€Å"How to Tell a True War Story.† The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. Eds. Michael Meyer and Doug Downs. 8th ed. New York: Bedford / St. Martins, 2008. 174-183. Print. 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